Aktau – a city built from scratch in a waterless desert
Aktau is a city in south-western Kazakhstan built in a waterless desert on the shores of the Caspian Sea in the Soviet times. It was the center of mining of uranium ore, its processing and enrichment.
Nowadays, it is the center of oil and natural gas extraction in Mangystau region. Aktau port is the only port in Kazakhstan used for international transportation of crude oil and petroleum products.
The city has no natural sources of drinking water, that’s why nuclear desalination plant with capacity of 120 000 m³ of water per day is used.
Not far from the city, the largest uranium open-cast in the world is located.
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