Kostanay, also spelled Kustanai, or Qostanay, is a city and administrative center of Kostanay oblast (region) of Kazakhstan, standing on Tobol River.
Kostanay population is about 301,000 (2010) on the territory of 240 sq. km.
Kostanay phone code - +7 7142; postal code - 110000.
The climate of Kostanay area is of sharp continental type, with hot dry summers and cold winters with little snow. The average temperature in July is 21,4 degs C above zero, in January - 16,1 degs C below zero.
Kostanay city most economically important industries are food processing and other light enterprises. Though there are vehicle and agricultural-equipment repair shops, and spare parts are produced for excavators and mining equipment in Kostanay city.
Kostanay city street view
Kostanay city, Kazakhstan street
Kostanai city street view
Russian settlement on the place of present day Kostanay city was founded in 1879. In 1893 the town was named Nikolayevsk. On February 8th, 1895, the town received the name Kustanay.
Originally there were only plants processing agricultural raw, small tanneries and butter-making plants. In 1912-1913s the railway line Kustanay-Chelyabinsk was constructed and Kustanay railway station was opened.
In early 20th century the town was a large trade and market center in Kazakh steppes. Swiss citizen Lorets built a brewery (still in action) - the largest in Southern Urals and on the territory of modern Kazakhstan. Beer was bottled in bottles specially produced for this plant, it was uncommon at that time.
In 1950s the population of Kostanay city and the oblast grew due to development of virgin lands. Since post-wart time till nowadays there are rich grain-crops on the territory of Kostanay oblast.
On June 17h, 1997, according to Kazakhstan President’s decree the transcription of the name Kustanay in Russian was changed to Kostanay and Kustanaiskaya oblast - to Kostanaiskaya oblast.
Kostanay city street sculpture
Kostanay transportation system
There is an international airport “Kostanay” near the city. Since July 11th, 2010, the flights are carried out by national companies “Air Astana”, “SCAT”, “Irtysh-Air” as well as “Transaero” (Russian Federation), “Belavia” (Belarus), Hamburg International Luftwerk (Germany).
One can fly from Kostanay to Hanover and Munich, Moscow, “capital of Ural” Ekaterinburg, capital of Belarus Minsk as well as Kazakhstan cities Almaty, Astana, Aktau and Shymkent.
There is also railway station in Kostanay. Transits by rail freightage are carried out in inner republican directions - to Astana, Almaty and Karaganda. A large railway junction Tobol is located about 90 km from Kostanay city.
Bus terminal of the city offers a great number of regional, republican and international lines.
Among the main places of interest of Kostanay are:
- Monument to a student with a laptop;
- Sculpture “A girl with a cell phone”;
- Sculpture “A lady with an umbrella”;
- Monument to Charlie Chaplin;
- Square named after pioneer workers in virgin lands with the sculpture ensemble;
- Merchant Lorets’ House;
- French cultural center;
- Orthodox church of 1893;
- Victory Park;
- Altynsarin Mausoleum.
Kostanay city has a teacher-training institute, museum and theater.