Kostanay city, Kazakhstan (Kostanai)

The capital city of Kostanay oblast.

Kostanay overview

Kostanay, also spelled Kustanai, or Qostanay, is a city and administrative center of Kostanay oblast (region) of Kazakhstan, standing on Tobol River.

Kostanay population is about 301,000 (2010) on the territory of 240 sq. km.

Kostanay phone code - +7 7142; postal code - 110000.

Kostanay city coat of arms

Kostanay city coat of arms

Kostanay city map, Kazakhstan


Kostanay facts

The climate of Kostanay area is of sharp continental type, with hot dry summers and cold winters with little snow. The average temperature in July is 21,4 degs C above zero, in January - 16,1 degs C below zero.

Kostanay city most economically important industries are food processing and other light enterprises. Though there are vehicle and agricultural-equipment repair shops, and spare parts are produced for excavators and mining equipment in Kostanay city.

Kostanay streets

Kostanay city street view

Kostanay city street view

Author: unknown

Kostanay city, Kazakhstan street

Kostanay city, Kazakhstan street

Author: Konstantin Ten

Kostanai city street view

Kostanai city street view

Author: Sophiya Konstantinow


Kostanay history

Russian settlement on the place of present day Kostanay city was founded in 1879. In 1893 the town was named Nikolayevsk. On February 8th, 1895, the town received the name Kustanay.

Originally there were only plants processing agricultural raw, small tanneries and butter-making plants. In 1912-1913s the railway line Kustanay-Chelyabinsk was constructed and Kustanay railway station was opened.

In early 20th century the town was a large trade and market center in Kazakh steppes. Swiss citizen Lorets built a brewery (still in action) - the largest in Southern Urals and on the territory of modern Kazakhstan. Beer was bottled in bottles specially produced for this plant, it was uncommon at that time.

In 1950s the population of Kostanay city and the oblast grew due to development of virgin lands. Since post-wart time till nowadays there are rich grain-crops on the territory of Kostanay oblast.

On June 17h, 1997, according to Kazakhstan President’s decree the transcription of the name Kustanay in Russian was changed to Kostanay and Kustanaiskaya oblast - to Kostanaiskaya oblast.

Kostanay sceneries

Kostanay city scenery

Kostanay city scenery

Author: Anna Obruch

Kostanay city street sculpture

Kostanay city street sculpture

Author: Sophiya Konstantinow

Kostanai city monument

Kostanai city monument

Author: Pedro Kiko


Kostanay transportation system

There is an international airport “Kostanay” near the city. Since July 11th, 2010, the flights are carried out by national companies “Air Astana”, “SCAT”, “Irtysh-Air” as well as “Transaero” (Russian Federation), “Belavia” (Belarus), Hamburg International Luftwerk (Germany).

One can fly from Kostanay to Hanover and Munich, Moscow, “capital of Ural” Ekaterinburg, capital of Belarus Minsk as well as Kazakhstan cities Almaty, Astana, Aktau and Shymkent.

There is also railway station in Kostanay. Transits by rail freightage are carried out in inner republican directions - to Astana, Almaty and Karaganda. A large railway junction Tobol is located about 90 km from Kostanay city.

Bus terminal of the city offers a great number of regional, republican and international lines.

Kostanay attractions

Among the main places of interest of Kostanay are:

  • Monument to a student with a laptop;
  • Sculpture “A girl with a cell phone”;
  • Sculpture “A lady with an umbrella”;
  • Monument to Charlie Chaplin;
  • Square named after pioneer workers in virgin lands with the sculpture ensemble;
  • Merchant Lorets’ House;
  • French cultural center;
  • Orthodox church of 1893;
  • Victory Park;
  • Altynsarin Mausoleum.

Kostanay city has a teacher-training institute, museum and theater.

Kostanay city of Kazakhstan photos

Kostanay attractions

Kostanay city university

Kostanay city university

Author: Sanches

Kostanay city theater view

Kostanay city theater view

Author: Norzel

Kostanai city stadium

Kostanai city stadium

Author: Ostar Richius


Kostanay places of interest

Kostanay city steam engine

Kostanay city steam engine

Author: Joost Lemmens

Kostanay city, Kazakhstan mosque

Kostanay city, Kazakhstan mosque

Author: Pedro Kiko

Kostanai city Orthodox church

Kostanai city Orthodox church

Author: Pedro Kiko


The questions of our visitors

montse asks: Hello. I cant find out the monthly temperature in Kostanay. Can you help me, please? I have to organize a travel soon.
Expert's answer:
The average monthly temperatures for Kostanay city are:
Jan. –17.0 Feb. –16.6 Mar. –9.8 Apr. +3.8 May +13.0 Jun. +18.6 Jul. +20.4 Aug. +17.9 Sep. +12.0 Oct. +3.0 Nov. –6.2 Dec. –14.1.

The comments of our visitors

Allan N Gaunt
Visit to Kostanai, 2015
You look to have a wonderful city, clean and well laid out. I already know from meeting a local citizen, that the people a warm and open, looking to the future. With the international airport available a visit in the near future is guaranteed.

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