Aktobe (other spellings: Aqtobe, Aktyubinsk, Aktubinsk) is an administrative center of Aktobe oblast (region) of Kazakhstan. Aktobe city is standing on Ilek River.
Aktobe has the population of about 278,000 (2010).
Aktobe phone code - +7 7132; postal code - 030000.
Aktobe was founded in 1869 as Aktyube (White Hill), a small Russian fort. The first Russian peasant settlers arrived in 1878.
In 1891 Aktyubinsk became the capital of an uyezd (canton) and in 1932 of an Aktyubinsk region of Kazakhstan. During World War II a ferroalloys plant was built to smelt the nickel and chromium ores of Mugodzhar Hills.
On March 11th, 1999, by Kazakhstan President’s decree the transcription of Aktyubinsk city name was changed into Aktobe.
Aktobe city is an important industrial center of the region and Kazakhstan now. There are various plants there: ferroalloys, chromium compounds, agricultural machine building, X-ray equipment and others. Chemical industry is also developed.
Light, food industries, production of liqueur and vodka are especially developed. There are large running and non-running oil and gas deposits in Aktobe oblast.
The airport Aktobe is an international one.
Aktobe city, Kazakhstan view
There are 9 institutions of higher education in Aktobe city, 2 museums of republican importance (Aktobe regional historical museum of local study), tennis court, hippodrome, Sport Palace and Central Stadium meeting UEFA standards. Local soccer team was several times the champion of Kazakhstan.
T.Akhtanov Drama theater, regional philharmonic society, children’s puppet theater “Alakai” and Aktobe regional planetarium are located in the city.
There are the following parks: A.S.Pushkin retro-park, Central recreation park named after Abai (micro district #11) as well as a lot of alleys, public gardens and boulevards.
In 2009 (by 140th anniversary of Aktobe city) a new Water-Green boulevard was constructed, it was named Unity and Agreement boulevard and has an amphitheatre, a monument “Shanyrak” and 2 fountains, one of them with son and lumiere. The boulevard itself links the central mosque “Nurgasyr” - the largest in the city and St.Nickolas cathedral built in 2008.
The annual festival of independent music “Sukhovey” is held in Aktobe city visited by a lot of guests from all over CIS countries. In the city there are a lot of monuments and sculptures to famous personalities.
There are 3 mosques (Aktobe regional central mosque, Central mosque of the city of Aktobe, mosque “Nurdaulet”), 3 Orthodox churches and a Catholic parish in the city.
There are a lot of restaurants and cafes of national cuisine - Kazakh, Russian, Armenian, Korean, Chinese, Spanish, Italian, Turkish and others. Also there are night clubs and entertainment complexes in Aktobe city.