South Kazakhstan oblast overview
South Kazakhstan oblast (former Chimkent oblast) is the most southern region of the country. South Kazakhstan oblast capital city is Shymkent.
South Kazakhstan oblast has the population of about 2,461,000 (2010) on the territory of 117,300 sq. km.
South Kazakhstan oblast facts
The center of South Kazakhstan oblast lies along the middle reaches of Syr Darya river. The north includes parts of Muyun-Kum and Betpak-Dala deserts, and Kyzylkum Desert occupies the southwest. Mountains are confined to the center and the southeast, where peaks rise to 14,100 feet (4,300 m). The climate of South Kazakhstan region is hot and dry.
The major cities of South Kazakhstan oblast are Shymkent, the capital, Turkestan, Kentau, Sayram, Lenger and Arys (the junction of Orenburg-Tashkent and Turk-Sib railways).
South Kazakhstan oblast features
Since ancient time Southern Kazakhstan occupied a special place in history of Kazakhstan and the whole Middle Asia. The area where Great Silk way stretched was flourishing in all respects. The cities Otyrar, Isfidzhab (Sayram), Syganak, Sauran, Sozak, Tukestan (Yassy) became not only trade but scientific and cultural centers as well.
The memory of the ancient centuries remained as architectural monuments, such as the mausoleum of Kozha Akhmet Yassauyi, Arystan baba, Iskak baba, Abdel-Aziza, Meralibaba, Karashash Ana, Ibragim ata and madrasah Appak Ishana. For several centuries the town of Turkestan (Yassy) was large Muslim center and in 16th-19th centuries the town was the residence of Kazakh khans.
In the new history South Kazakhstan oblast was formed as an administrative unit in 1932. In the beginning of Soviet power Shymkent lead plant was constructed. At the end of 1941 a lot of industrial plants were evacuated to Shymkent city.
The region is multi-national, representatives of about 100 nationalities live there. Kazakhs constitute about half the population of South Kazakhstan region. Other groups include Russians, Uzbeks and Ukrainians.
South Kazakhstan oblast landscapes
South Kazakhstan oblast landscape
South Kazakhstan region landscape
South Kazakhstan oblast nature
South Kazakhstan oblast economics
South Kazakhstan region is rich in natural deposits such as coal, iron ore, limestone, granite, marble, gypsum and quartz. The oblast is the leading one in Kazakhstan uranium deposits, the third one in phosphorites and iron ores.
The leading industries of South Kazakhstan region are nonferrous metallurgy, textiles, and food. Lead and zinc are mined in Karatau Mountains and lignite in Lenger area.
Plants of industrial infrastructure are also developed: power engineering, water communications and transportation. In general the oblast might be called southern gates of Kazakhstan by its location as its current boundaries in the south border with Uzbekistan Republic and it is located at the crossroads of international transportation ways: Orenburg-Tashkent and Turkestan-Siberian.
Agriculture is largely irrigated; main crops are cotton, grains (including rice), fodder, and vegetables, and there are extensive vineyards and orchards. Sheep are raised on the desert pastures in winter and the alpine meadows in summer in South Kazakhstan region.
South Kazakhstan oblast sceneries
South Kazakhstan oblast scenery
South Kazakhstan region scenery
South Kazakhstan village scenery
South Kazakhstan oblast attractions
Southern Kazakhstan region has natural resources which can be used for recreation and curing. These are mineral waters of Saryagash sanatorium and mineral thermal waters 20 km to the south of Kentau city, at the foot of Karatau mountain, in the picturesque valley of the river Shaga, thermal springs close to the settlement Temirlanovka, Ordabasinsky district and at the settlement Mankent as well as favorite climate for people with heart diseases in the area of Belye Vody, Tyulkubas and the village Turar Ryskulov.
In the western part of Tyan-Shan mountains there is the reserve Aksu-Dzhabagly. It is named after 2 rivers flowing through the canyon - Aksu and Dzhabagly. Rare species of flora and fauna have preserved there. A lot of them are included into the Red Data Book; it was the reason for forming the unique reserve in this picturesque place.