Kazakhstan geographical location
Kazakhstan is located in Central Asia region, south of Russia and northwest of China. The continental position of Kazakhstan in the center of the Eurasian continent is its distinctive feature, and is reflected in the entire physical and geographical make-up of the territory, its hydrogeography, and its plant and animal life.
Kazakhstan general facts
Kazakhstan origin of name: land of the Kazakhs, ethnic name from Turkish “kazak”: free.
Kazakhstan total area: 1,051,693 sq. miles (2,723,890 sq. km).
Kazakhstan land area: 1,030,809 sq. miles (2,669,800 sq. km).
- Ninth largest in the world, equivalent to the size of Western Europe;
- Four times the size of Texas;
- Five times the size of France.
Kazakhstan world map location
Total 7,459 miles (12,012 km). Kazakhstan shares its longest borders with Russia, 4,251 miles (6,846 km) and China, 951 miles (1,533 km), as well as with Uzbekistan 1,369 miles (2,203 km), Kyrgyzstan, 653 miles (1,051 km), and Turkmenistan, 235 miles (379 km). Kazakhstan also borders 1,183 miles (1,894 km) of the Caspian Sea.
Kazakhstan population is about 16,197,000 (2010), the population density - 5.95 inhabitants per sq. km.
Kazakhstan life expectancy: 58 years (men), 69 years (women) (UN).
Kazakhstan climate: Continental, cold winters, hot summers. Arid and semiarid.
Kazakhstan ethnic diversity: Kazakh 51.8%, Russian 31.4%, Ukrainian 4.4%, Tatar 1.7%, German 1.6%. There are over 100 other nationalities.
Kazakhstan religions: 46 religious confessions, including Muslims 47%, Russian Orthodox 44%, others, such as Roman Catholics, Protestants, Judaists at 9%.
Kazakhstan languages: Kazakh, spoken by over 52% of the population, is the state language. Russian, spoken by two-thirds of the population, is used in everyday business and enjoys on offical status under the Constitution.
Kazakhstan monetary unit: tenge - equal to 100 tyins.
Kazakhstan Internet domain: .kz
Kazakhstan capital city: Astana.
Kazakhstan major cities: Aktobe, Almaty, Astana, Karaganda, Pavlodar, Semey, Shymkent, Taraz.
Kazakhstan major trade partners: Russia, EU, USA, China.
Kazakhstan usual work week: Monday through Friday, 9.00-18.00.
Kazakhstan government system: Kazakhstan has a hybrid system of Government that combines aspects of both parliamentary and presidential systems.
Kazakhstan suffrage: 18 years of age; universal.
Kazakhstan natural resources
Kazakhstan natural resources: The world’s largest reserves of barite, lead, tungsten, and uranium; second largest reserves of chromite, silver, and zinc; third largest of manganese, significant deposits of copper, gold, and iron ore.
Kazakhstan current oil reserves: 35 billion barrels (twice as much as the North Sea).
Kazakhstan projected oil reserves: 100-110 billion barrels by 2015 (would be in top 3 of the world).
Kazakhstan current natural gas reserves: 2 trillion cubic meters.
Kazakhstan projected natural gas reserves: 5 trillion cubic metres by 2015.